Esteri

Le elezioni in Pakistan si chiudono con almeno 30 morti

Vari attentati compiuti vicino agli uffici dei candidati hanno ucciso una trentina di persone alla vigilia delle elezioni parlamentari. Giovedì 8 febbraio un membro della sicurezza è stato assassinato a colpi di arma da fuoco in un seggio elettorale.

epa11133563 Journalists report from the scene of a blast at an election campaign office in Pishin, restive Balochistan province, Pakistan, 07 February 2024. According to Balochistan's caretaker Minister for Information and Public Relations Jan Achakzai, at least 22 people were killed and many more injured in at least three explosions that rocked Pakistan's troubled Balochistan province on 07 February, just a day before general elections. No group has immediately claimed responsibility for the attacks, which represent the latest wave of insurgent violence escalating ahead of the elections for new federal and provincial governments.  EPA/FATEH MUHAMMAD via Ansa
epa11133726 Pakistan polling staff wait for election materials at a distribution center on the eve of the general election, in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, 07 February 2024. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has announced that general elections for the parliament and four provincial assemblies are scheduled to take place on 08 February 2024. The National Assembly comprises 266 general and 70 reserved seats.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB via Ansa
epa11133719 Pakistan polling staff carry election materials at a distribution center on the eve of the general election, in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, 07 February 2024. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has announced that general elections for the parliament and four provincial assemblies are scheduled to take place on 08 February 2024. The National Assembly comprises 266 general and 70 reserved seats.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB via Ansa
epa11133752 Pakistani soldiers stand guard as voter lists and electoral materials are escorted to polling stations ahead of general elections, in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, 07 February 2024. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has announced that general elections for the parliament and four provincial assemblies are scheduled to take place on 08 February 2024. The National Assembly comprises 266 general and 70 reserved seats.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB via Ansa
epa11133722 Pakistan polling staff carry election materials at a distribution center on the eve of the general election, in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, 07 February 2024. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has announced that general elections for the parliament and four provincial assemblies are scheduled to take place on 08 February 2024. The National Assembly comprises 266 general and 70 reserved seats.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB via Ansa
epa11135530 A woman casts her ballot at a polling station during general elections in Islamabad, Pakistan, 08 February 2024. Pakistani voters headed to heavily guarded polling stations on 08 February, to elect a new government for a five-year term amid increased security threats. According to the election body, the polling started at 8 a.m. local time and will continue until 5 p.m. The counting of millions of votes cast will start soon after polling time is over. There are more than 128 million registered voters, 59.3 million (46 percent) women and 69.2 million or 54 percent men. More than 20 million new voters have been registered for the 2024 elections. There are nearly 18,000 candidates out of whom 5,112 — including 4797 males, 313 women, and two transgender contestants, running for 266 contestable parliamentary seats.  EPA/SOHAIL SHAHZAD via Ansa
epa11135564 A voter shows casts her ballot at a polling station during general elections in Karachi, Pakistan, 08 February 2024. Pakistani voters headed to heavily guarded polling stations on 08 February, to elect a new government for a five-year term amid increased security threats. According to the election body, the polling started at 8 a.m. local time and will continue until 5 p.m. The counting of millions of votes cast will start soon after polling time is over. There are more than 128 million registered voters, 59.3 million (46 percent) women and 69.2 million or 54 percent men. More than 20 million new voters have been registered for the 2024 elections. There are nearly 18,000 candidates out of whom 5,112 — including 4797 males, 313 women, and two transgender contestants, running for 266 contestable parliamentary seats.  EPA/SHAHZAIB AKBER via Ansa

Oltre 128 dei 240 milioni di cittadini pakistani sono stati convocati alle urne giovedì 8 febbraio per eleggere i 266 membri del Parlamento, oltre ai rappresentanti delle assemblee legislative regionali delle sue quattro province. Sarà poi l’Assemblea nazionale a scegliere il primo ministro del Paese.

Sebbene gli elettori siano stati spinti a votare dal governo, l’hanno fatto in un clima fortemente violento, mettendo a rischio la propria vita. Infatti, un membro della sicurezza è stato ucciso stamattina da uomini armati in un seggio elettorale nella provincia di Tank, nel nord del Paese.

Alla vigilia delle elezioni, mercoledì 7 febbraio, si sono susseguiti tre attentati: il primo presso l’ufficio del candidato indipendente Asfand Yar Khan Kakar nel distretto di Pishin, nella provincia sud-occidentale del Baluchistan, con un bilancio di 14 vittime e 30 feriti. La seconda esplosione è avvenuta a Qilla Saifullah, al confine con l’Afghanistan, vicino a un ufficio del partito religioso Jamiat Ulema Islam (Jui), e ha provocato 12 vittime. Un terzo attentato è stato compiuto nel distretto tribale del Waziristan del Sud, nella provincia di Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, quando un’esplosione ha colpito il veicolo del parlamentare Naseerullah Wazir, del partito Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Pti), ferendo almeno 5 persone. Gli attacchi sono avvenuti nonostante il contingente militare e le forze di polizia dispiegati in Pakistan per le elezioni, per oltre 500 mila agenti.

In Pakistan l’esercito, che occupa un potere chiave nell’economia e nella politica del Paese, ha storicamente influenzato pesantemente il processo elettorale, e negli ultimi mesi ha rafforzato i controlli.

Secondo l’Istituto pakistano di studi sui conflitti e sulla sicurezza, nell’ultimo anno sono stati registrati in media 54 attacchi al mese, ed era prevista un’esacerbazione della violenza in prossimità delle elezioni.

Foto Ansa

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