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Pace giusta e questione palestinese

Anche se rimossa nella discussione della politica internazionale la questione palestinese resta centrale per realizzare un percorso di pace nella giustizia a livello mondiale. Il messaggio da conoscere dopo la Giornata Onu di solidaietà con il popolo palestinese.  Così il segretrario generle delle Nazioni Unite, Antonio Guteress: «Sono profondamente rattristato dal numero crescente di civili palestinesi che hanno perso la propria vita nella spirale di violenza che sta travolgendo la Cisgiordania occupata. Ogni vittima alimenta la paura e la violenza. Esorto tutte le parti coinvolte a prendere provvedimenti immediati per ridurre le tensioni e spezzare questo ciclo di morte».

A Palestinian man buys traditional bread at a popular bakery in the West Bank city of Jenin, Thursday, June 26, 2014. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)
A Palestinian man walks past graffiti of Islamic Jihad in Khan Younis, the southern Gaza Strip, Friday, May 9, 2014. Arabic reads,
Palestinian children react in front of the camera as the play in an alley of Al-Amari refugee camp in the West Bank city of Ramallah, Monday, Aug. 2, 2010. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
Detail of a weathered painting of a late Palestinian militant in Gaza City, Saturday, May 5, 2012. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
Palestinian children stand near their house at Shati refugee camp, in Gaza City, Wednesday, June 18, 2014. Al- Shati refugee camp, a Palestinian refugee camp located in the northern Gaza Strip along the Mediterranean Sea coastline in the Gaza Governorate, and more specifically Gaza City. The camp is the third largest refugee camp in the Palestinian Territories. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)
A Christian worshipper prays before lighting a candle inside the Church of Nativity, believed by many to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, Tuesday, June 24, 2014. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
Palestinian shepherd women walk with their sheep on the main road in Gaza City, Tuesday, Oct. 1, 2013. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)
A Palestinian girl takes photos as people enjoy the beach on the Mediterranean Sea in Gaza City, in the northern Gaza Strip, Friday, May 30, 2014. Gaza residents run to the beach to cool themselves in their weekend holidays during the hot weather. The temperature in the city is 33 degrees Celsius (89.6 degrees Fahrenheit). (AP Photo/Adel Hana)
Palestinians sit by the Mediterranean Sea at the port in Gaza City, Sunday, June 22, 2014. The sea and its solo port are the prime summer escape for the 1.8 million residents of the Gaza Strip, which is cut off from the world by the near-total closure of Rafah crossing point, Gaza's main gate to the outside world. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa )
Palestinian fishermen pull in their nets from the waters of the Mediterranean Sea during sunset at the beach in Gaza City, Monday, March 11, 2013.  Israel imposes a maritime blockade of the Gaza Strip, restricting access by Palestinian fishermen to 10 miles from shore for fishing, but often the boats are challenged before they reach that limit. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)
A Palestinian child stands near his house at Shati refugee camp, in Gaza City, Wednesday, June 18, 2014. Al- Shati refugee camp, a Palestinian refugee camp located in the northern Gaza Strip along the Mediterranean Sea coastline in the Gaza Governorate, and more specifically Gaza City. The camp is the third largest refugee camp in the Palestinian Territories. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)
Palestinian farmers gather harvested green wheat to be roasted outside the West Bank city of Jenin, Wednesday, April 23, 2014. Roasted green wheat is used to make a popular local soup call Freekeh. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)
A Palestinian farmer gathers harvested green wheat to be roasted outside the West Bank city of Jenin, Wednesday, April 23, 2014. Roasted green wheat is used to make a popular local soup call Freekeh. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)
Palestinian children stand near their house eating corn at the Shati refugee camp, in Gaza City, Wednesday, June 18, 2014. Al- Shati refugee camp, a Palestinian refugee camp located in the northern Gaza Strip along the Mediterranean Sea coastline in the Gaza Governorate, and more specifically Gaza City. The camp is the third largest refugee camp in the Palestinian Territories. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)
Palestinian sisters hold hands as they walk past a wall decorated with traditional dresses and other items, on display outside a souvenir shop, in the West Bank refugee camp of Aida, Bethlehem, Tuesday, June 24, 2014. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
Palestinian children pose at the doorway of their family house in Jabaliya refugee camp in Jabaliya, northern Gaza Strip, Thursday, Sept. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)
In this Monday, June 23, 2014 photo, a Palestinian flag waves as people enjoy a summer day at the beach of Gaza City.(AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
A Palestinian man prepares traditional bread for sale at a popular bakery in the West Bank city of Jenin, Thursday, June 26, 2014. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres delivers his speech during an United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, UNRWA, conference, in Rome, Thursday, March 15, 2018. Guterres addressed an emergency funding conference in Rome after the U.S. administration this year slashed tens of millions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency, prompting the greatest funding crisis in its 68-year history. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)
Orthodox Jewish men hold anti-Israel signage as thousands of activists supporting Palestine converge Saturday, May 15, 2021, in New York. The rally supports Palestine in the ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine on the day Israeli airstrikes leveled several buildings in the Gaza strip. (AP Photo/Kevin Hagen)
Supporters of the Palestinians rally during the National March for Palestine demonstration at Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, Saturday, May 29. 2021. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)
Philippe Lazzarini, center, Commissioner-General of United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), talks during press conference after his visit to Abu Salmiya family house (background) damaged by the 11-day war between Gaza's Hamas rulers and Israel, at the Balakhiya area in Shati refugee camp, Tuesday, Oct. 12, 2021. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)
A runner carries a Palestinian flag and passes by the Israeli separation barrier during the Palestine eighth international Marathon, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, Friday, March 18, 2022. After two years of cancellation due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the four tracks marathon kicked off today with the participation of over 10000 Palestinian and international athletes from eighty countries, with a 50 percent women participants, the marathon organizers said. (AP Photo/Nasser Nasser)
A barefooted runner passes by the Israeli separation barrier during the Palestine eighth international Marathon, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, Friday, March 18, 2022. After two years of cancellation due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the four tracks marathon kicked off today with the participation of over 10000 Palestinian and international athletes from eighty countries, with a 50 percent women participants, the marathon organizers said. (AP Photo/Nasser Nasser)
Palestinians attend a rally marking the 74h anniversary of what the Palestinians call the

Ha avuto come al solito poco risalto la ricorrenza del 29 novembre dedicata dall’Onu alla Solidarietà con il popolo palestinese dato che in questa data nel 1947 l’Assemblea Generale dell’ONU adottò la risoluzione 181 (II), poi conosciuta come la “Risoluzione della Partizione”. Tale risoluzione conteneva disposizioni per la creazione di due stati in Palestina, lo “Stato Arabo” e lo “Stato Ebraico”, con Gerusalemme posta sotto giurisdizione internazionale separata. Dei due stati contenuti nella risoluzione, solo uno oggi, Israele, ha visto la luce.

Il Segretario generale dell’Onu Antonio Guterres ha ribadito che «La posizione delle Nazioni Unite è chiara: deve avanzare la pace, l’occupazione deve finire. Siamo fermi nel nostro impegno a realizzare la visione di due Stati, Israele e Palestina, che vivono fianco a fianco in pace e sicurezza, con Gerusalemme come capitale di entrambi gli Stati. Insieme, riconfermiamo il nostro supporto al popolo palestinese nella loro ricerca per ottenere i propri diritti inalienabili e costruire un futuro di pace, giustizia, sicurezza e dignità per tutti».

Il comitato italiano Assisi Pace Giusta, di cui fa parte anche la Fondazione e il Centro Giorgio La Pira, si è rivolto ancora una volta al Presidente della Repubblica, al Parlamento, al Governo italiano per chiedere che «si riconosca lo Stato di Palestina per avviare una politica di pacificazione nell’intera regione medio-orientale. Il riconoscimento dello Stato di Palestina, al fianco dello Stato d’Israele non sarebbe la fine del conflitto, ma diventerebbe la base per far sedere al tavolo del negoziato i due Stati ed affrontarlo con pari dignità, legittimità, autorevolezza le due parti: due Stati sovrani che con la cooperazione e l’assistenza delle Nazioni Unite dovranno risolvere le questioni rimaste in sospeso e costruire la convivenza, la sicurezza comune, il rispetto di tutte le comunità, religioni e minoranze presenti nei due Stati».
Foto Ap di Archivio su scene di vita quotidiana in Palestina

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