Scenari globali

Armenia dimenticata, il peso del gas azero sull’Europa

Quattro soldati armeni sono stati uccisi da un’azione dell’esercito azero sul confine tra i due Stati.  Silenzio imbarazzante in Europa dopo la pulizia etnica nel Nagorno Karabakh dove si stanno cancellando le tracce della presenza ultra millenaria della comunità cristiana armena

epa10882543 A still image taken from a handout video provided by the Russian Defence Ministry press-service shows Russian peacekeepers evacuating Nagorno-Karabakh civilians at an undisclosed location, 25 September 2023. Over the past 24 hours, Russian military personnel ensured the delivery of 190 tons of cargo with food and fuel and other aid for the civilian population of Karabakh, the Russian Ministry of Defence said on 25 September. Russian peacekeepers escorted the transport of civilians from the Martuni region, delivering 70 people to Stepanakert, the ministry added. Some 715 civilians, including 402 children, have been taken to the Russian peacekeeping contingent, where they have been provided with accommodation, food and medical assistance. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of about 3,000 local residents from the region following the ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, as Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys of civilians from Nagorno-Karabakh leaving for Armenia, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported.  EPA/RUSSIAN DEFENCE MINISTRY PRESS SERVICE HANDOUT -- MANDATORY CREDIT -- BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE -- HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
epa10882544 A still image taken from a handout video provided by the Russian Defence Ministry press-service shows Russian peacekeepers evacuating Nagorno-Karabakh civilians at an undisclosed location, 25 September 2023. Over the past 24 hours, Russian military personnel ensured the delivery of 190 tons of cargo with food and fuel and other aid for the civilian population of Karabakh, the Russian Ministry of Defence said on 25 September. Russian peacekeepers escorted the transport of civilians from the Martuni region, delivering 70 people to Stepanakert, the ministry added. Some 715 civilians, including 402 children, have been taken to the Russian peacekeeping contingent, where they have been provided with accommodation, food and medical assistance. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of about 3,000 local residents from the region following the ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, as Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys of civilians from Nagorno-Karabakh leaving for Armenia, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported.  EPA/RUSSIAN DEFENCE MINISTRY PRESS SERVICE HANDOUT -- MANDATORY CREDIT -- BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE -- HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
epa10883074 Ethnic Armenians from Nagorno Karabakh at a registration center of the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, near the border town of Kornidzor, Armenia, 25 September 2023. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. Following a ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the disputed territory. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of more than 6,500 local residents from Nagorno-Karabakh, and a humanitarian center has been set up in the village of Kornidzor near the so-called Lachin corridor, the main route between Armenia and the breakaway region. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys with civilians leaving Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia, the Russian defense ministry said.  EPA/NAREK ALEKSANYAN
epa10883988 Ethnic Armenian flee Karabakh for Armenia sitting in a truck at the Lachin checkpoint controlled by Russian peackeepers and Azeri border guards, Azerbaijan, 26 September 2023. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. Following a ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the disputed territory. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of more than 19,000 local residents from Nagorno-Karabakh, and a humanitarian center has been set up in the village of Kornidzor near the so-called Lachin corridor, the main route between Armenia and the breakaway region. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys with civilians leaving Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia, the Russian defense ministry said.  EPA/ROMAN ISMAYILOV
epa10883971 Ethnic Armenian flee Karabakh for Armenia at the Lachin checkpoint controlled by Russian peackeepers and Azeri border guards, Azerbaijan, 26 September 2023. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. Following a ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the disputed territory. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of more than 19,000 local residents from Nagorno-Karabakh, and a humanitarian center has been set up in the village of Kornidzor near the so-called Lachin corridor, the main route between Armenia and the breakaway region. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys with civilians leaving Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia, the Russian defense ministry said.  EPA/ROMAN ISMAYILOV
epa10883970 Ethnic Armenian flee Karabakh for Armenia at the Lachin checkpoint controlled by Russian peackeepers and Azeri border guards, Azerbaijan, 26 September 2023. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. Following a ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the disputed territory. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of more than 19,000 local residents from Nagorno-Karabakh, and a humanitarian center has been set up in the village of Kornidzor near the so-called Lachin corridor, the main route between Armenia and the breakaway region. Russian peacekeepers escorted convoys with civilians leaving Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia, the Russian defense ministry said.  EPA/ROMAN ISMAYILOV
epa10885437 A handout photo made available by Azerbaijan President Press Service shows Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev (R) and First Lady of Azerbaijan, Mehriban Aliyeva attending a flower-laying ceremony at the memorial stone in Victory Park, which is under construction, during Remembrance Day celebrations, in Baku, Azerbaijan, 27 September 2023. Azerbaijan pays tribute to the heroes of the 44-day Karabakh war in 2020, which began on 27 September, with an Azerbaijani offensive that reclaimed regions around the disputed former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region, the former Hadrut region and the city of Shusha.  EPA/AZERBAIJAN PRESIDENT PRESS SERVICE / HANDOUT  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
epa10885881 A handout photo made available by the State Border Service of Azerbaijan shows Ruben Vardanyan, a former head of Nagorno-Karabakh, detained by Azerbaijani border guards, Azerbaijan, 27 September 2023. The State Border Service of Azerbaijan detained Vardanyan at the Lachin border checkpoint while trying to leave the territory of Azerbaijan and enter Armenia. In 2022, Russian billionaire Vardanyan announced that he was renouncing Russian citizenship and moving to Nagorno-Karabakh with an Armenian passport. Later, he received the post of head of the government of the Nagorno-Karabakh, and after the start of the blockade of the Lachin corridor (linking Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia) he was relieved of his post. Until recently, Vardanyan remained in Nagorno-Karabakh. The Government of Armenia has appealed to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on the issue of ensuring the protection of the ex-Minister of State of Nagorno-Karabakh and former head of the Troika Dialog company Ruben Vardanyan.  EPA/STATE BORDER SERVICE OF AZERBAIJAN / HANDOUT  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
epa10893664 An Armenian holds a poster during a protest against the emptying of Nagorno-Karabakh of ethnic Armenians in front of the building of the European Commission in in Sofia, Bulgaria, 01 October 2023. Azerbaijan on 19 September 2023 launched a brief military offensive on the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave that is home to some 120,000 ethnic Armenians. Following a ceasefire agreed on 20 September 2023, Azerbaijan opened all checkpoints with Armenia for the unimpeded exit of civilians from the disputed territory. The Armenian government announced the evacuation of more than 100,000 local residents from Nagorno-Karabakh, and a humanitarian center has been set up in the village of Kornidzor near the so-called Lachin corridor, the main route between Armenia and the breakaway region.  EPA/VASSIL DONEV
epa10901140 An image taken from a handout video made available on 05 October 2023 by the State Security Service of Azerbaijan shows Arayik Harutyunyan, former 'president' of the so-called Armenian administration in Karabakh, being escorted by the Azerbaijan State Security Service following his arrest, in Baku, Azerbaijan (issued 05 October 2023). Harutyunyan faces a life sentence, the Prosecutor General’s Office and the State Security Service of Azerbaijan said. They explained that they are investigating crimes in which Baku considers ‘illegal Armenian armed groups operating in the territory of the Karabakh region of Azerbaijan’ to be involved. In February 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region announced its secession from the Azerbaijan SSR. As a result of the armed conflict of 1992-1994, Azerbaijan lost control over the region and seven adjacent regions. For 30 years, Nagorno-Karabakh existed as an unrecognized republic. In September 2023, Azerbaijan launched a military operation in Nagorno-Karabakh. The fighting lasted less than a day, as a result, Baku regained control over the entire region, and the unrecognized NKR announced it would cease to exist as of 01 January 2024.  EPA/State Security Service of Azerbaijan HANDOUT HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES

Nelle foto Ansa alcuni scatti che testimoniano l’esodo forzato di circa 100 mila armeni dalla regione contesa del Nagorno Karabakh avvenuto lo scorso settembre 2023 e l’arresto dei leader della comunità definita separatista da parte delle autorità armene.

Le ultime notizie delle riportano l’uccisione di 4 soldati armeni sul confine tra i due stati per un’operazione di vendetta dichiarata dallo stato maggiore azero.

Allo stesso tempo è da notare, come segnala il sito green.it, che il governo dell’Azerbaigian, pur preparandosi a ospitare la Cop29 sui cambiamenti climatici, non sta per nulla «nascondendo le sue mire in campo energetico. Al contrario: in dicembre il presidente Ilham Aliyev ha espresso il proprio desiderio di raddoppiare l’export di gas verso l’Europa già entro il 2027. Tra i clienti del gas azero ci sono inoltre anche Georgia e Turchia, con l’Azerbaigian che intende sfruttare a proprio favore il venir meno delle forniture russe in Unione Europea».

Come riporta Elisa Pinna su Terrasanta. net , «gli azeri hanno già cominciato a cancellare le tracce armene dai luoghi sacri, in quattro mesi hanno cambiato l’aspetto di una decina di chiese negli ultimi territori occupati», spiega l’archimandrita Tirayr Hakobyan, rappresentante presso la Santa Sede della Chiesa apostolica armena in Europa Occidentale. Il loro metodo – denuncia l’archimandrita – è cancellare ogni scritta, ogni simbolo che possa suggerire la presenza ultramillenaria armena. Talvolta sostituiscono le parole incise sulla pietra con scritte in lingua albana, appartenente all’ antico regno cristiano dell’Albania caucasica, scomparso del tutto nel VI secolo d.C. (niente a che vedere con l’Albania balcanica – ndr.). «In molte occasioni, dopo l’invasione e la conquista di gran parte del Nagorno Karabakh nel 2020, l’Azerbaigian ha usato metodi più brutali. Ha distrutto importanti chiese, compresa la cattedrale di Shushi, vandalizzato monasteri risalenti al IX secolo, polverizzato croci di pietra», riferisce l’archimandrita, in un incontro con alcune testate giornalistiche, tra cui Terrasanta.net.

Lo scorso 7 febbraio il presidente azero Ilham Aliyev, nella foto, si è assicurato un quinto mandato consecutivo con il 92% dei voti.

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