Ambiente e politica

Cop 26 e la questione nucleare

Nell’incontro Cop 26 è destinata ad emergere la questione centrale delle pressioni a favore del ricorso al nucleare come fonte di energia “verde”. Il ruolo decisivo della Francia di Macron in Europa

FILE - A group of activists clash with riot police officers early Wednesday, Nov. 23, 2011, in Lieusaint, Normandy, France, as they try to block the train tracks in an effort to stop a train loaded with nuclear waste and heading to Gorleben in Germany. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. Critics decry its mammoth price tag, the disproportionate damage caused by nuclear accidents and radioactive waste. But a growing pro-nuclear camp argues that it’s safer on average than nearly any other energy source. (AP Photo/David Vincent, File)
FILE - Steam escapes at night from the nuclear plant of Nogent-sur-Seine, 110 kms (63 miles) south east of Paris, Sunday, Aug. 8, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the Glasgow climate talks. Critics decry its mammoth price tag, the accident risk and deadly waste. But a growing pro-nuclear camp argues that it’s safer on average than nearly any other energy source.  (AP Photo/Francois Mori, File)
Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, shows a project for radioactive waste run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, shows a map of an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, shows a tunnel project map for radioactive waste in an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Emilie Grandidier, spokesperson for French radioactive waste management agency Andra, left, and Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, stand in the elevator in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, shows a tunnel for radioactive waste in an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Audrey Guillemenet, geologist and spokesperson, shows a tunnel for radioactive waste in an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Workers are reflected in a mirror in a tunnel for radioactive waste in an underground laboratory, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Measuring equipment and seismic detectors are placed in a tunnel for radioactive waste in an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A sign shows the entrance of the village of Bure next to an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021.  (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A road sign is painted with a mask with nuclear logos next to an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. Nuclear power is a central sticking point as negotiators plot out the world’s future energy strategy at the climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland. France is laying the groundwork for a permanent, deep-earth repository beneath corn and wheat fields outside the nearby stone-house hamlet of Bure. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
The sun sets on electricity pylons next to an underground laboratory run by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Bure, eastern France, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A radioactive sign is placed on the fence of a concrete-sealed warehouse for radioactive waste storage in the Aube region of eastern France, in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. The site holds low- to mid-level radioactive waste from French nuclear plants as well as research and medical facilities, and its concrete-sealed warehouses are designed to store the waste for at least 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A technician works inside a truck with radioactive waste in the Aube region of eastern France, in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. Deep in a French forest of oaks, birches and pines, a steady stream of trucks carries a silent reminder of nuclear energy’s often invisible cost: canisters of radioactive waste, heading into storage for the next 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A technician pilots robots for radioactive waste storage in a concrete-sealed warehouse in the Aube region of eastern France in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. The site holds low- to mid-level radioactive waste from French nuclear plants as well as research and medical facilities, and its concrete-sealed warehouses are designed to store the waste for at least 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Radioactive waste storage is lifted from a truck in a concrete-sealed warehouse in the Aube region of eastern France managed by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. Deep in a French forest of oaks, birches and pines, a steady stream of trucks carries a silent reminder of nuclear energy’s often invisible cost: canisters of radioactive waste, heading into storage for the next 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A radioactive waste storage is lifted in a concrete-sealed warehouse in the Aube region of eastern France managed by French radioactive waste management agency Andra, in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. The site holds low- to mid-level radioactive waste from French nuclear plants as well as research and medical facilities, and its concrete-sealed warehouses are designed to store the waste for at least 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A technician stands next to a radioactive waste storage zone along a concrete-sealed warehouse in the Aube region of eastern France in Soulaines-Dhuys, Friday, Oct. 29, 2021. The site holds low- to mid-level radioactive waste from French nuclear plants as well as research and medical facilities, and its concrete-sealed warehouses are designed to store the waste for at least 300 years. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
French President Emmanuel Macron speaks during the opening ceremony of the UN Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland, Monday Nov. 1, 2021. The U.N. climate summit in Glasgow gathers leaders from around the world, in Scotland's biggest city, to lay out their vision for addressing the common challenge of global warming. (Andy Buchanan/Pool via AP)

Nelle foto dell’agenzia Ap i lavori in corso in Francia, e le contestaziobni, per la realizzazione di un laboratorio sotterraneo gestito dall’agenzia francese per la gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi a Bure, nella regione orientale del Paese che a livello europeo, e nella trattativa in corso presso il vertice Cop 26 di Glasgow in Scozia, è tra i maggiori sostenitori del ricorso all’energia nucleare per realizzare l’obiettivo di riduzione dell’emissione di Co2 nell’atmosfera.

Il timore fondato di non realizzare l’obiettivo di riduzione graduale dei combustibili fossili costituisce un forte motivo di traino per le tesi a favore del cosiddetto “nucleare verde” di nuova generazione che secondo alcuni esperti non dovrebbe, il condizionale è d’obbligo, presentare i problemi emersi con il disastro ambientale di Chernobyl in Ucraina e Fukushima in Giappone.

Di tutt’altro avviso una schiera di scienziati che ribadiscono la necessità di puntare gli investimenti sulle fonti rinnovabili senza farsi distrarre da false promesse dato che non esiste evoluzione tecnologica in grado di liberare il pianeta dalle scorie radioattive nelle centrali a fissione nucleare.

Le ricorrenti polemiche contro i cosiddetti ambientalisti dogmatici preparano il terreno alla partita decisiva che si gioca sul ricorso all’energia nucleare, anche in Italia dove 2 referendum popolari sembravano aver sbarrato la strada ai progetti avviati.

 

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