Ricorrenze

12 giugno, Giornata mondiale contro il lavoro minorile

Puntiamo l'attenzione su un fenomeno che per la prima volta dopo 20 anni è in crescita

©LAPRESSE
PAKISTAN 13-10-01
LAVORO MINORILE IN PAKISTAN
NELLA FOTO: UN RAGAZZO LAVORA IL FANGO PER LA PREPARAZIONE DEI MATTONI
©LAPRESSE
27-12-01  KABUL
ESTERO
LAVORO MINORILE  IN AFGHANISTAN
NELLA FOTO: UN BAMBINO CHE LAVORA NELLA FABBRICA SHARIFI DI TAPPETI
Wearing masks to curb the spread of the new coronavirus, the Delgado children work in the family's carpentry workshop in El Alto, Bolivia, Friday, Aug. 28, 2020. The Bolivian government decided to cancel the school year in August because it said there was no way to provide an equitable education to the country's nearly 3 million students, which put more kids to work. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
FILE - In this Tuesday, June 11, 2013, file photo, a bonded child laborer rests on a school desk in a safe house after being rescued during a raid by workers from Bachpan Bachao Andolan, or Save Childhood Movement, at a garments factory in New Delhi, India. With classrooms shuttered and parents losing their jobs, many children are working in farms, illegal factories, brick kilns and roadside stalls, reversing decades of progress to stop child labor. In rural India, a nationwide lockdown imposed in March, 2020, pushed millions of people into poverty, encouraging trafficking of children from villages into cities for cheap labor. (AP Photo/Kevin Frayer, File)
Irene Wanzila, 10, breaks rocks with a hammer at the Kayole quarry in Nairobi, Kenya Tuesday, Sept. 29, 2020, as she works along with her younger brother, older sister and mother, who says she was left without a choice after she lost her cleaning job at a private school when coronavirus pandemic restrictions were imposed. The United Nations says the COVID-19 pandemic risks significantly reducing gains made in the fight against child labor, putting millions of children at risk of being forced into exploitative and hazardous jobs, and school closures could exacerbate the problem. (AP Photo/Brian Inganga)
A child helps her parents work on a palm oil plantation in Sabah, Malaysia, Monday, Dec. 10, 2018. With little or no access to daycare, some young children in Indonesia and Malaysia follow their parents to the fields, where they are exposed to toxic pesticides and fertilizers. (AP Photo/Binsar Bakkara)
Sami Ullah, 10 years old, works at an automotive repair shop to earn living for his family in Lahore, Pakistan, Saturday, June 12, 2021. The International Labor Organization (ILO) observes June 12 as the World Day Against Child Labor to highlight the plight of child laborers. (AP Photo/K.M. Chaudary)
A child laborer displays his hands after being rescued in a raid by Bachpan Bachao Andolan, or Save the Childhood Movement, at a garage in New Delhi, India, Thursday, Aug. 26, 2021. Police accompanied by activists of the children’s rights group on Thursday raided automobile repair shops on the edge of the Indian capital, rescuing 17 children illegally employed as daily wage workers. Activists from Bachpan Bachao Andolan, whose founder Kailash Satyarthi won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014, went from one repair shop to another, freeing children whose hands, clothes and feet were smeared with grease. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)
Boys pull molten glass out of a fiery furnace at a glass factory in Firozabad, India, June 26, 1993. The children, some as young as 6, work 10-hour days in the 122 degree heat for about $1. While critics say the children work in subhuman conditions and miss an education, others note that in India, where one in three people don't earn enough money for more than one meal a day, hunger takes priority. (AP Photo/John Moore)

Secondo l’ultimo report della Federazione internazionale Terres Des Hommes, la pandemia di Covid ha avuto  conseguenze nefaste sul fenomeno del lavoro minorile che comunque già significava fame e povertà per milioni e milioni di bambini. I dati presentati durante la Conferenza mondiale sull’eliminazione del lavoro minorile, tenutasi dal 15 al 20 maggio scorsi a Durban, in Sud Africa, riportano che ad oggi sono 160 milioni i bambini e le bambine coinvolte nello sfruttamento. La rinuncia all’istruzione scolastica è il nodo allarmante in tanti Paesi, come India e Perù, dove i bambini iniziano a lavorare per dare alla famiglia una forma di sussistenza. Per molte famiglie già in condizioni critiche, la perdita del lavoro a causa del Covid ha indotto automaticamente i figli a sopperire alle necessità abbandonando gli studi (nemmeno facili con le lezioni a distanza per mancanza di tecnologia) e aumentando il lavoro in strada. Ha comunicato Paolo Ferrara, direttore generale di Terre des Hommes Italia e rappresentante del Consiglio internazionale della Federazione: «La comunità internazionale deve impegnarsi concretamente con misure che permettano ai più poveri di convivere con le conseguenze del COVID-19 e di riavere accesso all’offerta economica e all’ assistenza sociale. Questo deve includere, soprattutto, la protezione dell’infanzia contro la violenza e l’accesso all’istruzione che permetta ai bambini e alle bambine di ricevere un’educazione e di non essere sfruttati». (foto Ap)

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