Esteri

Oltre 12 giorni di violenza in Ecuador

Le manifestazioni vanno avanti nel Paese Latino-americano, guidate dal leader della Conaie. L’obiettivo: ottenere riforme economiche, politiche e sociali

Indigenous protesters wave an Ecuadorian flag as they walk to Quito to protest in the capital against the economic policies of President Guillermo Lasso's government in Quito, Ecuador, Sunday, June 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Indigenous protesters arrive to Quito to demonstrate in the capital against the economic policies of the government of President Guillermo Lasso, in Quito, Ecuador, Sunday, June 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Demonstrators protesting against President Guillermo Lasso's economic policies and demanding a fuel price cut, run from a police armored car during clashes in downtown Quito, Ecuador, Thursday, June 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Demonstrators clash with police during protests against President Guillermo Lasso's economic policies and demanding a fuel price cut, in downtown Quito, Ecuador, Thursday, June 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
An injured demonstrator is helped by his comrades during clashes with the police as protests raged against President Guillermo Lasso's economic policies and demanding a fuel price cut, in downtown Quito, Ecuador, Thursday, June 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Indigenous leader Leonidas Iza speaks to demonstrators prior to a march against President Guillermo Lasso's economic policies and a demand to cut fuel prices, in downtown Quito, Ecuador, Thursday, June 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
A demonstrator shouts during a protest in downtown Quito, Ecuador, Wednesday, June 22, 2022. Protests by Indigenous people demanding a variety of changes, including lower fuel prices, have paralyzed Ecuador's capital and other regions. (AP Photo/Juan Diego Montenegro)
Security forces block protesters from marching to the presidential palace in Quito, Ecuador, Wednesday, June 22, 2022. Protests by Indigenous people demanding a variety of changes, including lower fuel prices, have paralyzed Ecuador's capital and other regions, but the government on Wednesday rejected their conditions for dialogue. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Protesters clash with police during demonstrations against the government of President Guillermo Lasso and rising fuel prices in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. Ecuador's defense minister warned Tuesday that the country's democracy was at risk as demonstrations turned increasingly violent in the capital. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Demonstrators clash with police during protests against the government of President Guillermo Lasso and rising fuel prices, in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. Ecuador's defense minister warned Tuesday that the country's democracy was at risk as demonstrations turned increasingly violent in the capital. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Demonstrators clash with police during a protest against the government of President Guillermo Lasso in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Demonstrators protest against the government of President Guillermo Lasso and rising fuel prices in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. Ecuador's defense minister warned Tuesday that the country's democracy was at risk as demonstrations turned increasingly violent in the capital. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
A demonstrator hurls a tear gas canister back at police during protests against the government of President Guillermo Lasso and rising fuel prices in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. Ecuador's defense minister warned Tuesday that the country's democracy was at risk as demonstrations turned increasingly violent in the capital. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Police hurdle tear gas at demonstrators during a protest against the government of President Guillermo Lasso in Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)

Congelare i prezzi del carburante, proteggere i territori indigeni e non consentire lo sfruttamento minerario, regolare i prezzi dei prodotti agricoli e dei beni di prima necessità, aumentare il budget per l’istruzione, allungare i termini per il pagamento dei debiti. Questi sono alcuni dei punti che la Confederazione delle nazionalità indigene dell’Ecuador (Conaie), guidata da Leonidas Iza, ha presentato al governo.

Il presidente ecuadoriano Guillermo Lasso si è detto aperto al dialogo e ad affrontare alcune delle proposte per porre fine alla crisi che sta devastando il Paese. Sulle strade regna una forte violenza, non desiderata da nessuna delle due parti, ognuna delle quali incolpa l’altra dell’aggravarsi della situazione e di non volere la pace per l’Ecuador.

Sindacati dei lavoratori e studenti universitari si sono uniti alla manifestazione indigena, che ha avuto repliche nella maggior parte delle province del Paese. Da parte sua, la Conaie ha rifiutato di sedersi a parlare fino a quando alcuni settori della capitale non saranno smilitarizzati e lo stato di emergenza, che ha imposto il coprifuoco e l’intervento militare in sei province dell’Ecuador, sarà revocato.

Importanti autostrade ed edifici pubblici sono stati bloccati in un contesto di sciopero a tempo indeterminato, mentre il Paese affronta un periodo di alta inflazione, una crescente carenza di prodotti, il deterioramento del mercato del lavoro e l’aumento della disoccupazione, oltre a problemi di corruzione.

Foto AP

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