Europa

Germania in attesa di un nuovo governo

Dalle elezioni in Germania nuovi equilibri per l'Europa. Il primo posto conquistato dai socialdemocratici è il dato di partenza per le trattative di un governo di coalizione

Members and supporters of the Green Party (Die Gruenen) gesture at the Green Party event after the close of polling stations during German parliament election, in Berlin, Germany, on Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
Chancellor Angela Merkel stands next to Governor Armin Laschet, right, the top CDU candidate after the German parliament elections at the Christian Democratic Union, CDU, party's headquarters in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. German voters are choosing a new parliament in an election that will determine who succeeds Chancellor Angela Merkel after her 16 years at the helm of Europe's biggest economy. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)
Posters of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Armin Laschet, the top CDU candidate are placed on the facade of the party headquarters after the German parliament elections in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. German voters are choosing a new parliament in an election that will determine who succeeds Chancellor Angela Merkel after her 16 years at the helm of Europe's biggest economy.(AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
Olaf Scholz, center, Finance Minister and SPD candidate for Chancellor, drinks a beer as he leaves the election party at Willy Brandt House in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. Exit polls show the center-left Social Democrats in a very close race with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel's bloc in Germany's parliamentary election, which will determine who succeeds the longtime leader after 16 years in power. (Wolfgang Kumm/dpa via AP)
Manuela Schwesig (SPD), the Minister President of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the SPD's top candidate for the state elections in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, reacts at the SPD election party in  Schwerin, Germany Sunday Sept. 26, 2021. (Jens Büttner/DPA via AP)
Berlin mayoral candidate Bettina Jarasch of the Green Party, center, is joined by her husband Oliver Jarasch and her sister Judith Hartmann arrives at an election party in Berlin after parliamentary elections Sunday Sept. 26, 2021. (Christoph Soeder/dpa via AP)
Berlin mayoral candidate Bettina Jarasch of the Green Party reacts as she arrives at an election party in Berlin after parliamentary elections Sunday Sept. 26, 2021. (Christoph Soeder/dpa via AP)
Olaf Scholz, Finance Minister and SPD candidate for Chancellor, leaves after attending a TV broadcast on the parliamentary elections in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. Exit polls show the center-left Social Democrats in a very close race with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel's bloc in Germany's parliamentary election, which will determine who succeeds the longtime leader after 16 years in power. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)
Armin Laschet, Federal Chairman of the CDU, top candidate of his party for Chancellor waves as he returns to Konrad Adenauer House after a TV appearance in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. Exit polls show the center-left Social Democrats in a very close race with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel's bloc in Germany's parliamentary election, which will determine who succeeds the longtime leader after 16 years in power. (Michael Kappeler/DPA via AP)
Armin Laschet, Federal Chairman of the CDU, top candidate of his party for Chancellor returns to Konrad Adenauer House after a TV appearance in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. Exit polls show the center-left Social Democrats in a very close race with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel's bloc in Germany's parliamentary election, which will determine who succeeds the longtime leader after 16 years in power. (Michael Kappeler/DPA via AP)
Berlin mayoral candidate Bettina Jarasch of the Green Party reacts as she arrives at an election party in Berlin after parliamentary elections Sunday Sept. 26, 2021. (Christoph Soeder/dpa via AP)
Armin Laschet, Federal Chairman of the CDU, top candidate of his party for Chancellor waves as he returns to Konrad Adenauer House after a TV appearance in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. Exit polls show the center-left Social Democrats in a very close race with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel's bloc in Germany's parliamentary election, which will determine who succeeds the longtime leader after 16 years in power. (Peter Kneffel/DPA via AP)
Governor Armin Laschet, center, the top CDU candidate stands between the party board members after the German parliament elections at the Christian Democratic Union, CDU, party's headquarters in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. German voters have choosing a new parliament in an election that will determine who succeeds Chancellor Angela Merkel after her 16 years at the helm of Europe's biggest economy. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)
Governor Armin Laschet, center, the top CDU candidate shows the way out between the party board members after the German parliament elections at the Christian Democratic Union, CDU, party's headquarters in Berlin, Sunday, Sept. 26, 2021. German voters have choosing a new parliament in an election that will determine who succeeds Chancellor Angela Merkel after her 16 years at the helm of Europe's biggest economy. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)

Come riporta l’agenzia AGI «Secondo i risultati provvisori della commissione elettorale tedesca, l’Spd ha ottenuto il 25,7% dei voti e il blocco conservatore Cdu/Csu è secondo con il 24,1% dei consensi, il risultato più basso di sempre. Seguono i Verdi con il 14,8%, un risultato in netta crescita rispetto a quello del 2017 anche se inferiore alle speranze di qualche mese fa, seguiti dai liberali di Fdp con l’11,5% mentre la formazione populista di estrema destra, pur essendo il primo partito in due laender dell’Est, a livello nazionale si ferma al 10,3% e la Linke, al 4,9%, riesce comunque a entrare al Bundestag grazie a una norma che avvantaggia la vittoria in diversi collegi uninominali».

Un quadro dunque di incertezza dopo 16 anni di governo della Merkel, la leader della Cdu proveniente dalla DDR. L’equilibrio dei poteri in Germania, locomotiva d’Europa, sarà determinante per l’Unione europea su questioni fondamentali come le politiche economiche, con il rischio del ritorno all’austerity, e la gestione dei flussi migratori destinati a crescere dopo la sconfitta occidentale in Afghanistan.

Qui un’idea della composizione del Bundenstag

Foto Ap

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