Scenari

Immagini dalla Russia in attesa del nuovo anno

L’equilibrio mondiale si gioca, nonostante la prevalenza della tensione tra Usa e Cina, nel rapporto dell’Occidente con il grande Paese dell’ex impero zarista e poi sovietico, fortemente legato alla cultura europea. L’urgenza di disinnescare l’incubo della guerra atomica e l’invito del papa alla conversione profonda della mentalità per cercare anche tra le nazioni «la pace nella solidarietà e nella fraternità»

Moscow's tourist bus waits at a bus stop as Russian capital is decorated for New Year celebrations in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
A woman wearing a face mask to help curb the spread of the coronavirus looks at the Christmas decorations set in the Moscow GUM State Department store in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Nov. 23, 2020. New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, and is followed by the Orthodox Christmas on Jan. 7. Russia, which currently has the world's fifth largest number of confirmed cases, has been swept by a rapid coronavirus resurgence since September. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
A seller wearing a face mask to help curb the spread of the coronavirus offers Christmas decorations in the Moscow GUM State Department store in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Nov. 23, 2020. New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, and is followed by the Orthodox Christmas on Jan. 7. Russia, which currently has the world's fifth largest number of confirmed cases, has been swept by a rapid coronavirus resurgence since September. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
People walk in the GUM State Department store decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations virtually empty due to the coronavirus pandemic in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2020. New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, and is followed by the Orthodox Christmas on Jan. 7. Russia, which currently has the world's fifth largest number of confirmed cases, has been swept by a rapid coronavirus resurgence since September. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Women wearing face masks to help curb the spread of the coronavirus enter the GUM State Department store decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations virtually empty due to the coronavirus pandemic in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2020. New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, and is followed by the Orthodox Christmas on Jan. 7. Russia, which currently has the world's fifth largest number of confirmed cases, has been swept by a rapid coronavirus resurgence since September. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
A woman walks along Red Square decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations and almost empty due to the coronavirus pandemic in Moscow, Russia, Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2020. New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Russia, and is followed by the Orthodox Christmas on Jan. 7. Russia, which currently has the world's fifth largest number of confirmed cases, has been swept by a rapid coronavirus resurgence since September. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Russia (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
A man walks through a square after snowfall as workers assemble a Christmas tree, with the main Mosque and skyscrapers in the background in downtown Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, Russia, Sunday, Dec. 6, 2020. (AP Photo/Musa Sadulayev)
This combination image shows at top a file photo dated Saturday, Dec. 22, 2018, the ice rink in Red Square decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations at the GUM State Department store with the Spasskaya Tower, center, the St. Basil's Cathedral, left, and the Kremlin Wall, right, in Moscow, Russia, and the same the ice rink in Red Square on Thursday, Dec. 10, 2020, below. Many of Christmas markets were canceled or diminished in Moscow, the capital of Russia, because of the coronavirus pandemic this year. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
The ice rink in Red Square decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations seen from a roof of the Moscow GUM State Department store with the Spasskaya Tower, center, the St. Basil's Cathedral, left, and the Kremlin Wall, right, after sunset in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, Dec. 10, 2020. Many of Christmas markets were canceled or diminished in Moscow, the capital of Russia, because of the coronavirus pandemic this year. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
A truck carrying Russia's Main Christmas Tree enters the Kremlin's Spasskaya Tower's gates in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Dec. 11, 2020. A 96 year old 25 meter fit tree with a diameter of 60 centimeters was cut down near the village of Cheblokovo, about 100 km west of Moscow, and will be installed on the the Kremlin's Cathedral Square. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Ded Moroz (Father Frost) walks past a truck carrying Russia's Main Christmas Tree in Red square, with the St. Basil's Cathedral, right in the background, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Dec. 11, 2020. A 96 year old 25 meter fit tree with a diameter of 60 centimeters was cut down near the village of Cheblokovo, about 100 km west of Moscow, and will be installed on the the Kremlin's Cathedral Square. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Balls and lights are seen on trees decorated for Christmas and New Year celebrations during a sunrise over Red Square, with St. Basil Cathedral and the Spasskaya Tower, right, in the background in Moscow, Russia, Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Workers assemble a Christmas tree, with the main Mosque and skyscrapers in the background during a snowfall in downtown Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, in Grozny, Russia, Thursday, Dec. 17, 2020. (AP Photo/Musa Sadulayev)
Workers decorate a Christmas tree at the Palace square in St.Petersburg, Russia, Saturday, Dec. 19, 2020. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky)
People walk in a street with the Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building in the background as Russian capital is decorated for New Year celebrations in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Cars pass pass
A woman poses for a picture with a giant Christmas ball installed in from of the Bolshoi Theatre, in the background, as Russian capital is decorated for New Year celebrations in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Cars pass the Bolshoi Theatre, in the background, as Russian capital is decorated for New Year celebrations in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Moscow's tourist bus waits at a bus stop as Russian capital is decorated for New Year celebrations in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)

Nelle foto di Ap alcune immagini natalizie dalla Russia, il grande Paese strettamente connesso con la storia e identità europea e, tuttavia, considerato il potenziale “nemico”, soprattutto in considerazione del suo recente passato sovietico. L’ideale di una rivoluzione universale si collegava in maniera traumatica con la vocazione della Terza Roma incarnata dal suo zar (Cezar) a capo di un impero dei tanti popoli che si estendeva dall’Europa all’Asia.

Oggi, anche se il conflitto dominante l’equilibrio geopolitico è quello tra Usa e Cina, non sono meno tesi e problematici i rapporti con la Russia di Putin, pur ridimensionata di estensione e sprovvista della cintura dei cosiddetti Paesi satelliti passati in blocco con l’Occidente a guida statunitense.

Secondo l’Ispi (Istituto di studi politici internazionali), a gennaio 2021 «una volta arrivato alla Casa Bianca, è  lecito aspettarsi che Biden adotti un atteggiamento da Cold Warrior contemporaneo nei prossimi quattro anni, con il risultato probabile di un ulteriore irrigidimento dei rapporti tra Mosca e Washington.

Tensione assai pericolosa in particolare per il Vecchio Continente dopo che Usa e Federazione russa hanno abbandonato i trattati di controllo degli armamenti nucleari. Un gruppo di ricercatori dell’Università di Princeton, guidati dall’esperto di ingegneria e affari internazionali Alex Glaser, ha simulato le conseguenze dello sciagurato possibile primo attacco nucleare che porterebbe in poche ore ad uno scenario catastrofico con la perdita di un numero immane di vite umane.

È perciò un appello quanto mai realistico ed estremo quello lanciato da papa Francesco nel messaggio per la giornata della pace 2021 a indicare la “cultura della cura” come bussola anche «per le relazioni tra le Nazioni, che dovrebbero essere ispirate alla fratellanza, al rispetto reciproco, alla solidarietà e all’osservanza del diritto internazionale». «Le cause di conflitto sono tante, – sottolinea il papa – ma il risultato è sempre lo stesso: distruzione e crisi umanitaria. Dobbiamo fermarci e chiederci: cosa ha portato alla normalizzazione del conflitto nel mondo? E, soprattutto, come convertire il nostro cuore e cambiare la nostra mentalità per cercare veramente la pace nella solidarietà e nella fraternità?»

 

 

Guarda anche

Scenari
Tensioni tra Russia e Ucraina

Tensioni tra Russia e Ucraina

A cura di
Mediterraneo
Mario Draghi, visita lampo in Libia

Mario Draghi, visita lampo in Libia

A cura di
Scenari globali
Brasile, la tempesta perfetta in atto

Brasile, la tempesta perfetta in atto

A cura di
Scenari
L’India, il virus e i vaccini

L’India, il virus e i vaccini

A cura di
Scenari
Asse sul “Pacifico”

Asse sul “Pacifico”

A cura di

I più visti della settimana

Scenari
Tensioni tra Russia e Ucraina

Tensioni tra Russia e Ucraina

A cura di
Mediterraneo
Mario Draghi, visita lampo in Libia

Mario Draghi, visita lampo in Libia

A cura di
Scenari globali
Brasile, la tempesta perfetta in atto

Brasile, la tempesta perfetta in atto

A cura di
Scenari
L’India, il virus e i vaccini

L’India, il virus e i vaccini

A cura di
Scenari
Russia, memoria e presente

Russia, memoria e presente

A cura di
Scenari
Il confine

Il confine

A cura di
Simple Share Buttons