Attacco turco in Siria, civili in fuga

Per scelta non mostriamo, di solito, immagini strazianti. Nelle foto Ap si percepisce lo smarrimento e la paura del conflitto che si sta scatenando nella regione prevalente curda della Siria. Forte l’allarme della Caritas per le possibili 450 mila persone in fuga.

Ecco un estratto dell’ultimo comunicato

L’attacco annunciato da mesi è avvenuto. Con il beneplacito di altri Stati si è consumata l’ennesima violazione del diritto internazionale, ormai calpestato sistematicamente in una guerra che dura da oltre 8 anni e che ha trasformato il suolo siriano nel campo di battaglia di uno scontro infinito tra potenze regionali.
Sotto attacco da parte della Turchia questa volta le zone nel nord-est della Siria, abitate prevalentemente dai Curdi, con ancora morti e feriti anche tra i civili. La popolazione nella fascia tra Turchia e Siria, dopo aver combattuto l’Isis e altre formazioni terroristiche, è di nuovo messa a dura prova.
L’intervento sta scatenando anche la partenza forzata di  oltre 150.000 civili, intrappolati in quest’area di confine. Il numero di sfollati è destinato a salire rapidamente se le operazioni di guerra proseguiranno. Le stime dell’ONU  parlano di ulteriori potenziali 450.000 persone in fuga che si sommano  agli oltre 11 milioni tra sfollati interni e rifugiati in altri paesi.

Questa nuova iniziativa bellica si aggiunge a quella del governo siriano appoggiato dalla Russia a nord-ovest, nell’area di Idlib, sotto attacco da aprile 2019, e rende tutto il confine nord del paese di nuovo incandescente con milioni di persone vittime dirette o indirette di violenze. Una tragedia che si somma alla grave situazione umanitaria che in Siria si protrae da quasi nove anni con l’80% della popolazione in stato di povertà e oltre 11 milioni di persone che necessitano di assistenza umanitaria – di cui oltre un milione nell’area nord orientale colpita dalla nuova crisi. Come sempre a farne maggiormente le spese sono i più vulnerabili: sfollati accolti in campi presenti nell’area sotto attacco, costretti a muoversi nuovamente, anziani, minori, donne, disabili.

Tutta la rete Caritas, già operante da anni nel paese, si sta mobilitando per essere pronta a rispondere a questa nuova emergenza umanitaria in un contesto sempre più difficile e pericoloso. In particolare  Caritas Siria , con il sostegno di Caritas Italiana e di altre Caritas estere, sta allestendo  alcuni centri di accoglienza di sfollati che si stanno riversando in gran numero nell’area di Hassake.

Caritas Italiana fa appello al Governo Italiano, all’Unione Europea e a tutta la Comunità internazionale affinché i civili siano protetti e sia consentito l’accesso sicuro e senza ostacoli agli aiuti umanitari, non vi siano rilocazioni forzate di civili, si faccia tutto il necessario per interrompere, senza condizioni, l’ennesimo eccidio e ristabilire il rispetto del diritto internazionale.

Ora più che mai c’è bisogno dell’impegno e della solidarietà di tutti, perché si possa trovare una soluzione pacifica a questo ennesimo fronte di guerra e si possa rispondere velocemente ai bisogni umanitari più immediati. Il popolo siriano, piagato da quasi nove anni di guerra che hanno causato morte, distruzione e povertà, ha bisogno di pace per ricostruire la propria vita con dignità.
FILE - In this Monday, Oct. 7, 2019 file photo, Turkish-backed forces from the Free Syrian Army exercise during military training in preparation for a Turkish incursion targeting Syrian Kurdish fighters, near Azaz, in north Syria. The Turkish trained and funded Syrian forces present themselves as heirs to the uprising against President Bashar Assad. But while they include some Islamist and former rebel factions, a large number are Arab and Turkmen fighters from northern and eastern Syria with an ax to grind against the Kurds and a reputation for violence and looting. (AP Photo, File)
People pass a giant banner with a portrait of jailed leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK, Abdullah Ocalan, center, with other portraits of killed Kurdish fighters, set at the border crossing between Iraq and Syria's Kurdish-held, in Semelka, northeast Syria, Monday Oct. 14, 2019. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
People welcome Syrian troops as they enter the village of Ghebesh, west of the town of Tal Tamr, in northern Syria, Monday, Oct 14, 2019. Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria on Monday, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to crumble following the pullback of U.S. forces. (AP Photo)
Syrian troops deploy in the village of Ghebesh, west of the town of Tal Tamr, in northern Syria, Monday, Oct 14, 2019. Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria on Monday, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to crumble following the pullback of U.S. forces. (AP Photo)
People welcome Syrian troops as they enter the village of Ghebesh, west of the town of Tal Tamr, in northern Syria, Monday, Oct 14, 2019. Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria on Monday, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to crumble following the pullback of U.S. forces. (AP Photo)
People ride motorcycles and hold a Syrian flag and a portrait of Syrian President Bashar Assad as they welcome Syrian troops as they enter the village of Ghebesh, west of the town of Tal Tamr, in northern Syria, Monday, Oct 14, 2019. Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria on Monday, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to crumble following the pullback of U.S. forces. (AP Photo)
Turkish army personnel carriers are parked on a road towards the border of Syria in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, Monday, Oct. 14, 2019. Syrian troops entered several northern towns and villages Monday, getting close to the Turkish border as Turkey's army and opposition forces backed by Ankara marched south in the same direction, raising concerns of a clash between the two sides as Turkey's invasion of northern Syria entered its sixth day. (AP Photo/Emrah Gurel)
A Turkish forces soldiers looks on as tanks are transported by trucks to their new positions on a road towards the border with Syria in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, on Monday, Oct. 14, 2019. Syrian troops entered several northern towns and villages Monday, getting close to the Turkish border as Turkey's army and opposition forces backed by Ankara marched south in the same direction, raising concerns of a clash between the two sides as Turkey's invasion of northern Syria entered its sixth day. (AP Photo/Emrah Gurel)
Turkish soldiers work on uploading tanks from trucks on a road towards the border of Syria in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, Monday, Oct. 14, 2019. Syrian troops entered several northern towns and villages Monday, getting close to the Turkish border as Turkey's army and opposition forces backed by Ankara marched south in the same direction, raising concerns of a clash between the two sides as Turkey's invasion of northern Syria entered its sixth day. (AP Photo/Emrah Gurel)
Syrian government troops man a checkpoint town of Tal Tamr in northeast Syria, Monday, Oct. 14, 2019. Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria on Monday, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to shift or crumble following the pullback of U.S. forces. (AP Photo/Baderkhan Ahmad)
14 October 2019, Syria, Tell Abiad: Soldiers of the Turkish-backed Syrian National Army patrol a street after clashes with Kurdish fighters. Photo by: Anas Alkharboutli/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
14 October 2019, Syria, Tell Abiad: Soldiers of the Turkish-backed Syrian National Army gesture after clashes with Kurdish fighters. Photo by: Anas Alkharboutli/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
14 October 2019, Syria, Tell Abiad: Residents flee from the fighting. Photo by: Anas Alkharboutli/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
14 October 2019, Syria, Tell Abiad: Two young boys run on a deserted street. Photo by: Anas Alkharboutli/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
14 October 2019, Syria, Tell Abiad: Soldiers of the Turkish-backed Syrian National Army talk to local residents. Photo by: Anas Alkharboutli/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
Vice President Mike Pence, with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, speaks to reporters outside the West Wing of the White House, Monday, Oct. 14, 2019, in Washington. The U.S. is calling for an immediate ceasefire in Turkey's strikes against Kurds in Syria, and is sending Pence to lead mediation effort (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
(AP Photo, File)
FILE - In this Monday Oct. 7, 2019 file photo, Turkish-backed forces from the Free Syrian Army look at a map during military maneuvers in preparation for a Turkish incursion targeting Syrian Kurdish fighters, near Azaz, north Syria. The Turkish trained and funded Syrian forces present themselves as heirs to the uprising against President Bashar Assad. But while they include some Islamist and former rebel factions, a large number are Arab and Turkmen fighters from northern and eastern Syria with an ax to grind against the Kurds and a reputation for violence and looting. (AP Photo, File)
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