Giornata internazionale della donna

Si celebra dal 1909, quando volle istituirla negli Stati Uniti il Partito socialista americano. L’anno seguente accolsero la proposta anche le donne socialiste durante una conferenza a Copenaghen, ma fino al 1921 la data dell’8 marzo non era ufficiale per tutti, solo con la seconda Conferenza delle donne comuniste a Mosca venne approvata questa data in ricordo delle manifestazioni delle donne di San Pietroburgo contro lo zarismo del 1917. L’episodio drammatico a cui si fa di solito riferimento accaduto a New York nel 1911, quando alcune donne persero la vita in una fabbrica per un incendio, sembra un falso storico, probabilmente quella fabbrica non è mai esistita o quel rogo è accaduto a febbraio, non a marzo. Comunque in ogni Paese cambiarono le date e la tradizione. La scelta del fiore della mimosa risale invece al 1946, poiché le organizzatrici delle manifestazioni a Roma cercavano un fiore che costasse poco e di stagione. Anche oggi resta un’occasione per manifestare a favore dei diritti delle donne in tutto il mondo (foto Ap)

French Culture Minister Francoise Nyssen, second right, Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo, center, and members of several women's rights associations hold a banner reading
Demonstrators protest male violence against women and demand an equality labour opportunities during the general female strike to commemorate International Women's Day, in Pamplona, northern Spain, Thursday, March 8, 2018. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos)
Land activists from Boeung Chhuk community release balloons to mark International Women's Day on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Thursday, March 8, 2018. The community people took part in the International Women's Day celebration, coincided with the 10th anniversary of their forced eviction. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
Protesters hold flowers during a rally to mark International Women's Day Thursday, March 8, 2018 in Manila, Philippines. Hundreds of women activists in pink and purple shirts protested against President Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines on Thursday, as marches and demonstrations in Asia kicked off International Women’s Day. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)
Delegates hold flower bouquets for International Women's Day as they arrive for a plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, Thursday, March 8, 2018. Students at China's prestigious Tsinghua University are celebrating International Women's Day with banners making light of a proposed constitutional amendment to scrap term limits for the country's president. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein)
Female workers supporting the MeToo movement wearing black attend a rally to mark the International Women's Day in Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, March 8, 2018. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)
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