Filippine, tra vita quotidiana e relazioni con l’Ue

Una banconota da 500 euro fa bella mostra di sé in un ufficio di cambio a Manila: un simbolo delle relazioni contrastate tra il Paese e l’Unione europea dopo che il presidente Rodrigo Duterte – in una delle foto successive – ha lanciato il guanto di sfida a Bruxelles. Dal vecchio continente era infatti arrivata la richiesta di porre un freno alla “guerra alla droga” lanciata nel Paese, costata migliaia di morti, e di non dar seguito alla volontà di reintrodurre la pena capitale: pena lo stop alle agevolazioni tariffarie e il ritiro dei 250 milioni di euro di aiuti allo sviluppo che l’Ue devolve alle Filippine. Duterte ha risposto con un secco “no grazie” a questi aiuti; e per quanto la delegazione europea a Manila abbia dichiarato di non aver ancora ricevuto conferma scritta, la decisione del presidente appare confermata.

Intanto nel Paese, ricco di contrasti sotto il profilo economico e sociale, la popolazione prosegue la sua vita. Michael Hiyas, 57 anni, vende chitarre sulle strade di Manila; spesso vengono acquistate da turisti, e gli fruttano l’equivalente di 8 dollari al giorno. Altri giocano a scacchi, passatempo molto popolare, nelle vie della capitale; mentre Vilma Magpayo si dedica al mestiere di lustrascarpe per 40 centesimi al paio, riuscendo a mettere in tasca circa 6 dollari al giorno.

A 500 Euro bill, second row, and other country notes are displayed on a tarpaulin outside a money changer in Manila, Philippines Thursday, May 18, 2017. The Philippines will no longer accept assistance from the European Union, forgoing grants possibly worth more than 250 million euros ($ 278.7 million) for development projects in the country following President Rodrigo Duterte's earlier challenge on the EU to stop its assistance after the bloc warned that the Philippines risks losing tariff-free exports to Europe because of the thousands killed in the war on drugs launched by Duterte and Manila's moves to revive the death penalty. The EU delegation in Manila said the Philippine government informed it about its decision Wednesday, but it has yet to receive a written notice. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
People pass by a 500 Euro bill that is posted on a tarpaulin outside a money changer in Manila, Philippines Thursday, May 18, 2017. The Philippines will no longer accept assistance from the European Union, forgoing grants possibly worth more than 250 million euros ($ 278.7 million) for development projects in the country following President Rodrigo Duterte's earlier challenge on the EU to stop its assistance after the bloc warned that the Philippines risks losing tariff-free exports to Europe because of the thousands killed in the war on drugs launched by Duterte and Manila's moves to revive the death penalty. The EU delegation in Manila said the Philippine government informed it about its decision Wednesday, but it has yet to receive a written notice. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte poses for a family photo with other leaders during the Belt and Road Forum at meeting's venue on Yanqi Lake outside Beijing, Monday, May 15, 2017. (Damir Sagolj/Pool Photo via AP)
A guitar vendor Michael Hiyas, 57,  waits for customers along a street in Manila, Philippines on Thursday, May 18, 2017. Hiyas says his guitars are often bought by tourists and he earns about P400 (about US$8) a day. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
Workers play chess during their lunch break in downtown Manila, Philippines Tuesday, May 16, 2017. Chess is a popular game in the Philippines. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
Vilma Magpayo cleans shoes for P20 (about US40 cents) per pair at her makeshift stall in downtown Manila, Philippines Tuesday, May 16, 2017. Magpayo said she earns about 300 pesos (about US$6) a day from cleaning and repairing shoes. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
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